‘Symphony No. 10 in F-Sharp Major’

Symphony No. 10 in F-Sharp Major – Introduction

Friday, December 31st, 2010

Listening Guide

The Work

Date(s) of composition: 1910-11
Place(s) of composition: Toblach (and New York)

Performing Versions and Completions:
Ernst Kenek edited the first and third movements with the assistance of Alban Berg and Alexander Zemlinsky, published in 1924 by Paul Zsolnay, Vienna and first performed in Vienna on 14 October 1924 under the direction of Franz Schalk; five-movement performing versions have been created by Joseph H. Wheeler, Hans Wollschlägen, Clinton A. Carpenter, Deryck Cooke, Remo Mazzetti, Jr., Nicola H. Samale and Giueseppe Mazzuca, and Rudolf Barshai in various editions (Wollschlägen and Mazzetti having withdrawn their versions, although a recording has been made of the latter with the Saint Louis Symphony under Leonard Slatkin); the premiere of Cooke’s first version was given in London on 13 August 1964, the London Symphony under the direction of Berthold Goldschmidt, after a work-in-progress performance was given under his direction on 19 December 1960 with the Philharmonia Orchestra. Joe Wheeler’s version has been recently performed (January, 1997) for the first time in many years at the MahlerFest in Boulder, Colorado under the direction of Robert Olsen. A recording of this performance has recently been released. Carpenter’s latest version was recorded in 1995 by The Philharmonia Hungarica under the direction of Harold Farberman. The Barshai version was recorded on September 12, 2001 by the Junge Deutsche Philharmonie under the direction of Rudolf Barshai on the Brilliant Classics label.

Movements: The symphony was apparently conceived by Mahler in five movements but his intention as to the movements’ order is unclear. All the performing versions thus far have presented the work in the following order of movements:

(1) ADAGIO (Andante; Adagio)
(2) SCHERZO (Schnelle Viertel) (In a fast four-beat measure) [Cooke]
(In gemächlicher Bewegung. Ohne Hast.)
(In an easy-going motion, without haste) [Carpenter]
(3) PURGATORIO (Allegretto moderato)
(Unheimlich bewegt) (extremely agitated) [Carpenter and Mazzetti do not use this title]
(4) [SCHERZO] (Allegro pesante. Nicht zu schnell) (not too fast) [Cooke]
(Kräftig, nicht zu schnell) (Powerfully, not too fast) [Carpenter]
(5) FINALE (Langsam, schwer (Slow, heavy); Allegro moderato; sehr ruhig (very restful)) [Cooke]

(Cooke first performing version)
The Philadelphia Orchestra
Eugene Ormandy, conductor
(Sony Classical 82876-78742-2)
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Symphony No. 10 in F-Sharp Major – First Movement

Friday, December 31st, 2010

Listening Guide

The Work


Principal Tempi: Andante; Adagio
Key: F-sharp major/minor with modulations into B minor, B-flat minor, D minor, A minor, A-flat minor, etc.
Time Signature: 4/4
Form: Sonata-Rondo with three principal subjects

Symphony No. 10 in F-Sharp Major – Second Movement

Friday, December 31st, 2010

Listening Guide

The Work


Tempo: Schnelle Viertel (3/4 ganze Takte – 4/4 alla breve)
Key: F-sharp minor with a first Trio in F major, a second Trio (Ländler) in E- flat major, concluding in F-sharp major
Time Signature: mixed meters that shift from duple to triple sometimes from measure to measure
Form: Scherzo and Trio

Symphony No. 10 in F-Sharp Major – Third Movement

Friday, December 31st, 2010

Listening Guide

The Work


Tempo: Allegro Moderato
Key: B-flat minor modulating to B-flat major, with a middle section in D minor, and closing in B-flat major/minor
Time Signature: 2/4
Form: Da capo (A-B-A)

Symphony No. 10 in F-Sharp Major – Fifth Movement

Friday, December 31st, 2010

Listening Guide

The Work


Tempo: Langsam, schwer (slow and heavy).
Key: F# major; beginning in D minor, with a main theme in B minor/major that goes through a series of modulations until it reaches the intended tonic before the final coda.
Time Signature: The introduction shifts from 4/4 to 3/4 to 2/4 (and one measure of 5/4) in nearly every measure, but when the principal theme is introduced the meter stabilizes into common time (4/4) for most of the remainder of the movement.
Form: Introduction-A-B-A-B-A Coda.

Symphony No. 10 in F-Sharp Major – Fourth Movement

Friday, December 31st, 2010

Listening Guide

The Work


Tempo: Allegro pesante. Nicht zu schnell. (Not too fast)
Key: E minor, with trio sections in C major, A major and B major and a coda in D minor
Time Signature: 3/4
Form: Scherzo and Trio